>> Since 2000s the population growth dynamics, has been mainly due to migrations from abroad, in 2012 a positive trend was registered again. At European level, Italy has maintained its fourth position in demographic ranking.

>> On 1st January 2012 there were 148.6 elderly people per 100 young people. In Europe, Germany only had a higher index (155.8). The oldest Italian region was Liguria (236.2 percent), while Campania was the youngest, with an index over 100 for the first time.

>> In  2012 dependency ratio was 53.5 percent: the lowest value was registered in the South and Islands area (50.1 percent), the highest in the North-west (55.9 percent). Liguria was the region with the highest value of the index (63.6 percent), at the opposite end Sardegna (47.9 percent). Italy ranked fourth in the European context.

>> With a negative natural growth rate, Italy placed in the last positions in Europe, close to Greece and Portugal. On the contrary, for migration growth Italy was at the top of the ranking for its power of attraction.

>> In 2011 average life for women was 84.5 years, and for men was just over 79 years, among the longest in the European Union.

>> Italy in Europe is one of the countries with lowest fertility rates, with 1,42 children per woman according to 2012 data. The mean age at child bearing has continued to rise, reaching 31.4 years.

>> In 2012,  3.5 marriages were celebrated every 1,000 inhabitants. . In the South and Islands marriages were more than in the Centre and North (4.1 versus 3.2 per thousand). The North-east was the area with the highest percentage of civil weddings out of total marriages (53.5 percent).

>> Italy, followed by Ireland and Malta, presented a low incidence of divorces (0.9 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2011).  In Italy, howerver, the legal dissolution of marriages is a growing phenomenon: between 2000 and 2011 separations have incresed by 23.4 and divorces by 43.2 percent.