>> In 2011, public expenditure on education and training was 4.2 percent of Gdp, a much lower value than the Eu27 average (5.3 percent).

>> In Italy, in 2012, 43.1 percent of the population aged 25-64 had obtained a lower secondary school certificate as their highest qualification; such value was rather far from the Eu27 average (25.8 percent) and only lower than in Spain, Malta and Portugal. The percentage of the population aged 18-24 who gave up their studies before obtaining their lower secondary school certificate was 17.6 percent (12.8 percent in Eu countries), 21.1 percent in the South and Islands area only.

>> Most recent data from the Pisa (Programme for International Student Assessment) project showed that Italy had a lower performance than the average of OECD and EU countries participating in the survey; yet, it confirmed the signs of improvement already seen between 2006 and 2009.

>> In 2011, participation of young people in the training system after compulsory education stood at 81.3 percent among 15-19 year-olds, and at 21.1 percent among 20-29 year-olds. The average values in the 21 Oecd European countries were higher (87.7 and 28.4 percent, respectively), which placed Italy in the last places in the European ranking.

>> In 2012, 21.7 percent of young people aged 30-34 had a tertiary (or equivalent) qualification. Despite the increase observed in the period 2004-2012 (+6 percentage points), the share is still very low compared target of 40 percent set by the Europe 2020 Strategy.

>> In 2012, in Italy 23.9 percent (over 2 million) of the population aged between 15 and 29 were not in education, training and not even engaged in any work activity, one of the highest values in Europe. The gender gap remained significant and the disadvantage of the South and Islands area increased.

>> Only 6.6 percent of adults in Italy were involved in learning activities, a value which marks Italy’s lag in the field of permanent learning.