>> Public expenditure on health is approximately 111 billion euros, equal to 7.0 percent of Gdp, and 1,867 euros per capita per year (2012). Italian public expenditure on health is much lower than in other major European countries.

>> In 2011 households contributed a share of 20.6 percent of overall health expenditure using their own resources, down by more than two percentage points compared to 2001. Household health expenditure represents 1.8 percent of the national Gdp and amounts to an average of 949 euros per household in the South and Islands area and 1,222 euros in the Centre and North area.

>> In all regions, between 2002 and 2010, a convergence towards the national average was observed in the number of hospital beds, which fell from 4.3 to 3.5 per thousand inhabitants.

>> In 2011 regions dealt with around 588,000 hospital admissions for non-resident patients (8.4 percent of the total number of ordinary admissions for the “acute”) and over 523,000 admissions of patients from a region other than their region of residence (7.6 percent, referred to residents in Italy only).

>> Neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system are confirmed as the main causes of hospital admissions, with little variability at the regional level.

>> In Italy, the infant mortality rate was 3.3 deaths per thousand live births in 2010. In the last ten years, the value of this indicator has continued to decrease throughout the entire country, reaching values that are among the lowest in Europe.

>> The diseases of the circulatory system constitute the main cause of death in almost all Eu countries. In Italy, the standardized mortality rate for these causes was 30.4 deaths per ten thousand inhabitants in 2010, while for neoplasms it was 25.9 deaths per ten thousands, with higher values for men (35.5) than for women (19.3). Neoplasms are the second leading cause of death both in Italy and in Eu27 countries.

>> In 2012 smokers and alcohol consumers at risk made up 21.9 and 14.1 percent respectively of the population aged 14 and over, while obese  individuals made up 10.4 percent of the population aged 18 and over.