>> In 2012 there was a decline of voluntary homicides, both consumed and attempted, despite the recovery of those committed by organized criminal associations (mafia).  In the European comparison, referred to year 2010, Italy, with 1.0 intentional homicide per 100,000 inhabitants, ranked below the Eu27 average (1.2 homicides).

>> Robberies reported in 2012 were more than 42,000 (71.6 per 100,000 inhabitants), a further increase over the previous year. The increase in robberies affected all geographical areas: to a lesser extent the Centre (+0.7 percent), more markedly the North-east, North-west and South (+7.6, +6.6, and +5.5, respectively).

>> In 2012 over 1.5 million thefts were reported by the police to the judicial authority, with an increase of 14.8 percent compared to 2010.  In particular, mugging (bag-snatchings) and domestic burglary, which had dropped significantly in the last twenty years, increased even faster, by 40.5 and 40.3 percent respectively.

>> In 2011, criminal proceeding was initiated in Italy against 999.2 persons per 100,000 inhabitants, while 1,046.6 people saw their proceeding dismissed. The most frequent crimes reported for which criminal proceedings were initiated were theft and culpable injuries.

>> In 2011 convicted persons by felonies were 238,501, increasing by 3.4 percent with respect to 2010. Theft was the most frequent felony followed by violations of the drugs legislation.

>> In 2013 the share of households perceiving a crime risk in the area where they live rose from 26.4 to 31.0, breaking the downward trend started in 2008.

>> At the end of 2012 prisoners held in institutions for adults were 65,701 units, 1.8 percent less than in 2011. The prison crowding index was equal to 139.7 prisoners per 100 beds provided, which confirmed the inadequacy of prison facilities to accommodate such a high number of prisoners.

>> In 2012 male homicides had a significant decrease (the rate dropped from 4.4 percent in 1992 to 1.3 percent); killings of women, however, remained stable around 0.5 per 100,000 women. Males were mostly murdered by unknown or unidentified persons (78.8 percent), while women lose their lives at the hands of their partners or former partners (46.3 percent of cases).