>> In 2011, there were more than 63.6  enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants in Italy, one of the highest levels in Europe. The negative trend registered in the last years, due to the net contraction in economic activities caused by the financial crisis in all geographical areas, was reversed in 2011 on the whole national territory except for the North-east.

>> In Italy the entrepreneurship rate – calculated as the ratio between the number of self-employed and the total number of employees – was slightly over 30 percent and was the highest among Eu countries. The propensity to entrepreneurship was higher in the South and Islands area (37.8 percent) than in the Centre and North area (28.4 percent).

>> The average size of enterprises in  Italy was 3.9 employees in 2011. Within Italy, enterprises in the South and Islands area are smaller than the national average (2.8).

>> Enterprise gross turnover rate, which provides a measure of the dynamism of an economic system, is equal to 14.3 percent in Italy. Values vary widely between regions, with greater instability in the South and Islands area and the lowest enterprise birth and death rate in the North-east area.

>> In 2011, the level of wage adjusted labour productivity among Italian enterprises was equal to 128.5 euros of added value per 100 euros of labour cost, showing an increase in comparison to the previous year. The lowest values were still recorded in the South and Islands area.

>> The productive structure of the Italian economy appears to vary widely among regional areas. The South and Islands area tends to have more micro-enterprises, both in the service and industrial sectors; large industry is most common in the North-west; micro and small enterprises in the North-east, and large service enterprises in the Centre.

>> On December 31st  2011 there were over 301,000 non-profit institutions in Italy (6.4 percent of legal-economic units active in Italy, 3.4 percent in terms of employees).  From a territorial point of view, the North-east  is by far the geographical area where this sector is more widespread.