>> With a value of 1.25 percent of Gdp in 2011, Italy is still a long way off the most advanced European countries in terms of spending on research and development, but not far from the national 2020 target of 1.53 percent.

>> Italy presented the Epo (European patent office) with more than 3,600 patent applications. Despite rising since 2001, in 2009 the patent intensity indicator came to a standstill with 72.4 patents per million inhabitants, thus remaining one of the lowest in the Eu15.  

>> A high percentage of enterprises use fixed network broadband connections, reaching 91.6 percent in Italy among enterprises with at least 10 employees (2012),  a value higher than the Eu27 average (90.0 percent) but still far from the most virtuous countries.

>> R&D personnel in Italy (in full-time equivalent units) amounts to 3.8 per thousand inhabitants (2011). This value is under the European average (5.1) and shows considerable territorial variation.

>> In the 2008-2010 period, the number of innovative enterprises showed a slight decrease in comparison to the previous three-year period (from 32.0 percent to 31.5 percent). On a European level, Italy was above the European average. Large industrial enterprises remained the sector where innovation was most markedly focused, with a value of 43.1 percent against 24.5 percent in the service sector and 15.9 percent in the construction sector.

>> In 2011 the number of S&T graduates was 12.9 per thousand inhabitants aged 20-29 years. This value has more than doubled in comparison to 2000 both for men and women.

>> In Italy, 54.8 percent of individuals aged 6 and over access the Internet, but only 33.5 percent on a daily basis (2013). On an international level, the number of Internet users in Italy is considerably lower than the European average (70 percent).

>> In Italy, 59.7 percent of households access the network from home using a broadband connection, 45.3 percent more than 2006; on a territorial level the South and Islands area shows the most disadvantaged situation, particularly Calabria (51.1 percent).