>> In 2012 in Italy the employment rate of the population aged 20-64 was equal to 61.0 percent. The gender imbalance appears very marked and the gap between the employment levels in the Centre and North and the South and Island, slightly increased  from a year earlier, continued to record very high levels (20.5 percentage points).

>> The employment rate for the population aged 55-64 in 2012 was 40.4 percent, on the rise by 2.5 percentage points compared with 2011 but still lower than the Eu average of 48.9 percent.

>> 13.8 percent of employees have a temporary employment contract, a value that is in line with the European average. The share of individuals in part-time employment is 17.1 percent. Both kinds of contract are more widespread among women.

>> Italy’s inactivity rate in 2012 had a sharp decrease compared with 2011 going down to 36.3 percent but remained still one of the highest in Europe. Female inactivity is particularly high (46.5 percent), albeit decidedly declining compared with the past.

>> In 2012 the unemployment rate reached 10.7 percent, in line with the Eu average (10.5 percent). The increase affected both the male and female component and the whole country; in some regions in the South and Islands area (Campania and Calabria) it reached values up to 19.3 percent.

>> The unemployment rate of the population aged 15-24 years was 35.3 percent in 2012, on the rise for the fifth consecutive year and higher than the European Union average (22.7 percent). In the South and Islands area a peak of 49.9 percent for female unemployment rate was registered.

>> Long-term unemployment (i.e. lasting longer than 12 months) in 2012 represented 52.5 percent of the national unemployment figure and exceeded 54 percent for the female component.

>> The share of irregular full time equivalent units was 12.0 percent in 2012. The South and Islands area recorded the highest incidence of undeclared work in the country, more than twice that of the Centre and North areas; at the sectorial level, in agriculture, nearly a quarter of employment is not regular.