>> In 2012, social protection expenditure in Italy went over 30 percent of Gdp, with a per capita amount of approximately 8,000 euros in a year. Within the Eu27 Member States, Italy presented  values slightly over the Eu average both in terms of per capita spending and in terms of Gdp share.

>> Expenditure for social security services managed by municipalities has risen from 7.0 in 2009 to 7.1 billion euros in 2010, with an average value per capita of  117.8 euros. A slight decrease was recorded in the incidence on the Gdp which passed from 0.47 to 0.46 percent.

>> In 2011, expenditure on social services was 298,991 billion euros and reached 18.9 percent of Gdp, the equivalent of a per capita amount of 5,035 euros. Relevant differences persist among Italian regions, with higher expenditure per capita on services in the Northern and Central  areas of the country.

>> 23.7 million pensions were paid out in 2011, for an overall amount of about 266 billion euros, the equivalent of 16.8 percent of Gdp. Most of pensions (47.9 percent) and of the amount (50.7 percent) were paid in Northern Italy.

>> The number of Italian municipalities providing at least one childcare service, such as day nurseries, micro-day nurseries or other supplementary and innovative services for children is 55.1 percent, with a slight decrement compared to the previous year  (55.2 percent in 2010). This event is to be attributed to the decrement of supplementary and innovative services. The gap among regions in the public childcare services offered is particularly wide, with values ranging from 13.2 percent in Calabria to 100 percent in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. 

>> For the first time since 2004, in 2011 a decrement, even-though a little one, has been recorded (-0.5 percentage points compared to 2010), in the user percentage of public services for children (13.5 percent in 2011). Distribution on the national territory is very unequal, with wide differences between the North-east (19.2 percent) and the South and Island areas (5,0 percent). At a regional level, it ranged from 2.5 in Calabria to 26.5 percent in Emilia-Romagna.